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Synthesis and Biomedical Applications of Polymer-Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles

Abstract

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are receiving increasing attention from individual scientists and research companies as promising materials for biomedical applications. MNPs can be synthesized by many different methods. Before proceeding to the synthesis process, the cost of using it and the practicality of the synthesis conditions are well investigated. Especially in their use in the biomedical field, features such as not containing toxic substances, high biocompatibility, and low particle size are desired. However, the use of magnetic nanoparticles in biomedical applications is limited due to various difficulties such as particle agglomeration and oxidation of magnetic cores of MNPs. To overcome these challenges, MNPs can be coated with various natural and synthetic polymers to alter their morphological structure, magnetic character, biocompatibility, and especially surface functional groups. Therefore, this review focuses on the synthesis of MNPs by different methods and the effects of these synthesis methods on magnetic properties and size, their modifications with natural and synthetic polymers, and the use of these polymer-coated MNPs in biomedical fields such as targeted drug release, enzyme immobilization, biosensors, tissue engineering, magnetic imaging, and hyperthermia. The review article also provides examples of advanced biomedical applications of polymer-coated MNPs and perspectives for future research to promote polymer-coated MNPs. To this end, we aim to highlight knowledge gaps that can guide future research to improve the performance of MNPs for different applications.

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Section

References

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Dik, G. ., Ulu, A. ., & Ateş, B. . (2023). Synthesis and Biomedical Applications of Polymer-Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles. Nanofabrication, 8. https://doi.org/10.37819/nanofab.8.329

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37819/nanofab.8.329

Published: 2023-09-05

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