The Ideological Emancipation of Chinese Women and Its Idealistic Pursuit in the May 4th Movement


  • Qianlu XUE Department of Philosophy and History of Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  • Weilin FANG Department of Philosophy, Nanjing University



the May 4th Period, Chinese women, ideological emancipation


The May 4th Movement of 1919 is a significant period of ideological change in Chinese modern history, and in it is during this time that the ideological enlightenment of modern Chinese women made its debut. Led by modern intellectuals, they, from all angles, criticized the traditional social structure, traditional etiquette and feudal family system hindering the liberation and development of women, and further discussed the emancipation of women in terms of ideological education, economic independence, family status, freedom of marriage, ethics, social communication, as well as other relevant social issues. The intense exchange of ideas influenced public opinion, provoking enormous responses from all sections of society, particularly from women. Based on real educational and economic issues concerning women, combined with theories, real thoughts and practices, and carried out with a series of practical social reform activities, the ideological emancipation of women in the May 4th Movement of 1919 laid a solid foundation for the transition of traditional women to modern women, thus becoming the source of ideological emancipation of modern women in China.


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How to Cite

XUE, Q. ., & FANG, W. . (2021). The Ideological Emancipation of Chinese Women and Its Idealistic Pursuit in the May 4th Movement. International Journal of Sino-Western Studies, 21, 103–119.



Church History in the West and in China