Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

The Effect of Foliar Boron Application on Seed Production of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

Abstract

Boron (B) is an essential micronutrient for plant reproductive growth and seed setting. A better understanding of the reasonable application rate of B could provide guidelines for improving seed yield and quality. In this study, we used five B concentrations (0, 400, 800, 1200, and 1600 mg B L-1) to study the effect of foliar application of B on seed yield and quality of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) in northern China. Our results indicated that foliar B application increased the pollen number, pollen viability, and dry weight and B concentration of alfalfa reproductive organs. The effect of B on alfalfa seed yield can be attributed to affecting the number of inflorescence and the seeds per pod. Foliar application with 800 mg B L-1 made quantitative and qualitative improvements in seed yield and quality of alfalfa. These results help to explain the positive effects of B on alfalfa seed production.

Section

References

  1. Abreu, I., Cerda, M. E., de Nanclares, M. P., Baena, I., Lloret, J., Bonilla, I., Bolanos, L., & Reguera, M. (2012). Boron deficiency affects rhizobia cell surface polysaccharides important for suppression of plant defense mechanisms during legume recognition and for development of nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. Plant and Soil, 361(1-2), 385–395. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1229-0
  2. Brown, P. H., Bellaloui, N., Wimmer, M. A., Bassil, E. S., Ruiz, J., Hu, H., Pfeffer, H., Dannel, F., & Romheld, V. (2002). Boron in plant biology. Plant Biology, 4(2), 205–223. https://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2002-25740
  3. Chen, L. L., Zhang, Y. Y., & Mao, P. S. (2017). Effects of different fertilizing methods of boron on seed yield and quality of alfalfa. Journal of China Agricultural University, 22(8), 43–49. https://dx.doi.org/10.11841/j.isn.1007-4333.2017.08.06
  4. Dordas, C. (2006). Foliar Boron Application improves seed set, seed yield, and seed quality of Alfalfa. Agronomy, 98(4), 907–913. https://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2005.0353
  5. Du, W. H., Tian, X., Hui., Cao, Z. Z., & Humphries, A. (2009). Effects of Micronutrients on Seed Yield and Yield Components of Alfalfa. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 32(5), 809–820. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904160902787909
  6. Gupta, U. C., Jame, Y. W., Campbell, C. A., Leyshon, A. J., & Nicholaichuk, W. (1985). Boron toxicity and deficiency-A review. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 65(3), 381–409. https://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjss85-044
  7. ISTA (2015). International Rules for Seed Testing. Bassersdorf: International Seed Testing Association.
  8. John, M. K., Chuah, H. H., & Neufeld, J. H. (1975). Application of improved azomethine-H method to the determination of boron in soils and plants. Analytical Letters, 8(8), 559–568.
  9. Liu, Z., Zhu, Q., & Tang, L. (1980). Boron-deficient soils and their distribution in China. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 17(3), 228–239.
  10. Pandey, N., & Gupta, B. (2013). The impact of foliar boron sprays on reproductive biology and seed quality of black gram. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine Biology, 27(1), 58–64. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2012.07.003
  11. Ruuhola, T., Keinanen, M., Keski-Saari, S., & Lehto, T. (2011). Boron nutrition affects the carbon metabolism of silver birch seedlings. Tree Physiology, 31(11), 1251–1261. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpr109
  12. Terzić, D., Stanisavljević, R., Dinić, B., Vučković, S., Đokić, D., & Marković, J. (2012, June). The effect of foliar application of boron on alfalfa seed yield. In Proceedings of International Conference on BioScience: Biotechnology and Biodiversity (pp. 68-71).
  13. Wang, Z. F., Xu, A. K., & Yang, Y. F. (2007). Current study situation of Alfalfa seed yield in China. Pratacultural Science, 24(7), 43–50.
  14. Zheng, Y. X., Wu, J. C., Peng, X. M., & Zhang, Y. P. (2019). Field-grown Moringa oleifera response to boron fertilization: Yield component, chemical composition of seed-oil and physiology. Industrial Crop Products, 138, 111449. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.06.012

How to Cite

Wurentuya, & Chen, L. . (2020). The Effect of Foliar Boron Application on Seed Production of Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) . Biosis: Biological Systems, 1(2), 60–64. https://doi.org/10.37819/biosis.001.02.0056

HTML
161

Total
223

Share

Search Panel

Downloads

Article Details

Most Read This Month

License