Dinosaur tracks from Tang Dynasty Grottoes area in Sichuan Province, China

Authors

  • Lida Xing State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, China
  • Martin G. Lockley Dinosaur Trackers Research Group, University of Colorado, Denver 80217, USA
  • Zheng Ren School of the Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, China
  • Chang Liu School of the Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083, China
  • W. Scott Persons IV Mace Brown Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology and Environmental Geosciences, College of Charleston, Charleston 29401, USA
  • Guangzhao Peng Zigong Dinosaur Museum, Zigong, China
  • Yong Ye Zigong Dinosaur Museum, Zigong, China
  • Shan Jiang Zigong Dinosaur Museum, Zigong, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37819/biosis.002.02.0103

Keywords:

Theropod tracks, Grallatorid, Eubrontid, Paracorpulentapus

Abstract

In recent years the number of track sites discovered and reported from the Lower Cretaceous Jiaguan Formation, Sichuan Basin has increased steadily. Here we report on the 20th and 21st sites which are situated in unusual locations in a cave and on a steep bedding plane surface in association with Tang Dynasty grottoes. The ichnofauna is represented by two small assemblages which are both theropod-dominated. Due to sub-optimal preservation, the tracks are identified only as grallatorid and small and larger eubrontid, with Paracorpulentapus also tentatively recognized.

References

Alexander R. (1976). Estimates of speeds of dinosaurs. Nature, 261, 129-130. https://doi.org/10.1038/261129a0

Chen, H.X. (2009). Research of Paleoenvironment and Paleoclimate of Cretaceous in Ya'an Area of Western Sichuan Basin. Master Thesis (pp. 86). Chengdu: Chengdu University of Technology, China press.

Geng, Q. (2011). Tectonic sequence stratigraphy and lithofacies paleogeography of Cretaceous-Paleogene in Sichuan Basin of China. Journal of Chengdu University of Technology Science & Technology Edition, 38 (4), 394-401.

Gu, X.D., & Liu, X.H. (1997). Stratigraphy (Lithostratic) of Sichuan Province. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press; p. 417 in Chinese.

He, FL. (2010). Main problems and countermeasures on grotto and stature on cliff, Sichuan, China. Journal of Engineering Geology, 18(S1), 450-454.

Jiang, X.S., Pan, Z.X., &Fu, Q.P. (2000). The pattern of general atmospheric circulation in eastern Asia through Cretaceous. Sci China Ser D Earth Sci, 30, 587-591.

Leonardi, G., 1987. Glossary and manual of tetrapod footprint palaeoichnology. Departamento Nacional de Producão Mineral; p.75 in Brazil.

Li, R., Lockley, M.G., Matsukawa, M., Wang, K., & Liu, M. (2011). An unusual theropod track assemblage from the Cretaceous of the Zhucheng area, Shandong Province, China. Cretaceous Research, 32, 422-432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2010.10.006

Liang, S.C. (2011). A History of Chinese Architecture (pp. 329). Beijing: SDX Joint Publishing.

Lockley, M.G. (2009). New perspectives on morphological variation in tridactyl footprints: clues to widespread convergence in developmental dynamics. Geological Quarterly 53, 415-432.

Lockley, M.G., & Hunt, A.P. (1995). Dinosaur tracks and other fossil footprints of the western United States (pp. 360). New York: Columbia University Press.

Lockley, M.G., Li, J.J., Li, R.H., Matsukawa, M., Harris, J.D.& Xing, L.D. (2013). A review of the tetrapod track record in China, with special reference to type ichnospecies: implications for ichnotaxonomy and paleobiology. Acta Geologica Sinica (English edition), 87(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-6724.12026

Lockley, M.G., Xing, L.D., Kim, J.Y.& Matsukawa, M. (2014). Tracking Early Cretaceous Dinosaurs in China: a new database for comparison with ichnofaunal data from Korea, the Americas, Europe, Africa and Australia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, 770-789. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12308

National Administration of Cultural Heritage (2009). The atlases of Cultural Relics, China, Sichuan fascicule (pp.1854). Beijing Cultural Relics Publishing.

Olsen, P. E., Smith, J.B.& McDonald, N.C. (1998). Type material of the type species of the classic theropod footprint genera Eubrontes, Anchisauripus and Grallator (Early Jurassic, Hartford and Deerfield Basins, Connecticut and Massachusetts, U.S.A.). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 18(3), 586-601. https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.1998.10011086

Sichuan Provincial Bureau of Geology aviation regional Geological Survey team (1976). Geological Map of the People's Republic of China, Xuyong Map Sheet 1:200000 (H-48-XXXIV).

Sullivan, R.M. (2006). A taxonomic review of the Pachycephalosauridae (Dinosauria: Ornithischia). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, 35, 347-365.

Thulborn, T., 1990. Dinosaur Tracks. London: Chapman & Hall.

Xing, L.D.& Lockley, M.G. (2016). Early Cretaceous dinosaur and other tetrapod tracks of southwestern China. Science Bulletin, 61(13), 1044-1051. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-016-1093-z

Xing, L.D., Lockley, M.G.& Zhang, J.P. (2016). Early Cretaceous dinosaur and other tetrapod tracks of southwestern China. Ningbo: Ningbo Publishing House.

Xing, L.D., Lockley, M.G., Zhang, J.P., Klein, H., Kim, J.Y., Persons, W.S.IV., Matsukawa, M., Yu, X.Q., Li, J.J., Chen, G.B.& Hu, Y. (2014). Upper Cretaceous dinosaur track assemblages and a new theropod ichnotaxon from Anhui Province, eastern China. Cretaceous Research, 49, 190–204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2014.03.003

Xing, L.D., Zhang, J.P., Lockley, M.G., McCrea, R.T., Klein, H., Alcalá, L., Buckley, L.G., Burns, M.E., Kümmell, S.B.& He, Q. (2015). Hints of the early Jehol Biota: important dinosaur footprint assemblages from the Jurassic–Cretaceous Boundary Tuchengzi Formation in Beijing, China. PLOS ONE, 10(4): e0122715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122715

Xing, L.D., Lockley, M.G., Klein, H., Zeng, R., Cai, S.F., Luo, X.C.& Li, C. (2018a). Theropod assemblages and a new ichnotaxon Gigandipus chiappei ichnosp. nov. from the Jiaguan Formation, Lower Cretaceous of Guizhou Province, China. Geoscience Frontiers, 9, 1745-1754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2017.12.012

Xing, L.D., Dai, H., Lockley, M.G., Romilio, A., Klein, H., Li, Z.D., Hu, X.F., Peng, G.Z., Ye, Y.& Persons, W.S.IV. (2018b). Two new dinosaur tracksites from the Lower Cretaceous Jiaguan Formation of Sichuan Basin, China: specific preservation and ichnotaxonomy. Historical Biology ,30:7, 976-984. https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2017.1326113

Xing, L.D., Lockley, M.G., Klein, H., Zhang, L.J., Romilio, A., Persons, W.S.IV., Peng, G.Z., Ye, Y.& Wang, M.Y. (In review). The new ichnotaxon Eubrontes nobitai ichnosp. nov. and other Saurischian tracks from the Lower Cretaceous Sichuan Province and a review of Chinese Eubrontes type tracks. Journal of Palaeogeography.

Yu, C.& Wang, T. (2012). Cliff of Thousand Buddhas: Investigation Report of Ancient Cliff Statues in Jiajiang, Sichuan Province (pp.199). Beijing: Cultural Relics Press.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-22

How to Cite

Xing, L. ., Lockley, M. G. ., Ren, Z., Liu, C. ., Persons IV, W. S. ., Peng, G., Ye, Y., & Jiang, S. (2021). Dinosaur tracks from Tang Dynasty Grottoes area in Sichuan Province, China. Biosis: Biological Systems, 2(2), 283-292. https://doi.org/10.37819/biosis.002.02.0103