Biosis: Biological Systems <p><em>Biosis: Biological Systems</em> is an international fully peer-reviewed and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) compliant open access Journal that is published online with a quarterly frequency. The goal of this journal is to promote interdisciplinary approaches in Biology and Medicine, at the interface between organismal and the processes of organic evolution in the broadest sense.</p> en-US (Ms. Mahshid Pezeshki) (Dr. Amjad S. Gondal) Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 60 Richard Bradley’s A Short Historical Account of Coffee (1715) and The Virtue and Use of Coffee (1721) <p>Richard Bradley published <em>A Short Historical Account of Coffee</em> in 1715, an extremely rare book of which only three copies are known. A revised version of the book, entitled <em>The Virtue and Use of Coffee</em>, was published in 1721. Bradley’s 1714 trip to the Physic Garden in Amsterdam, where he examined two coffee trees, led to his two coffee books, whose similarities and differences, including the evolution of the two different coffee engravings, are discussed in detail. This article reveals insights into the milieu in which Bradley lived, his interactions with other members of the Royal Society, and the reasons why his 1715 book is so rare. The various introductions of coffee plants to England in the late 17<sup>th</sup> and early 18<sup>th</sup> century are discussed, as well as Bradley’s skirmish with James Douglas, who was critical of Bradley’s coffee work.</p> Fernando E. Vega Copyright (c) 2021 Biosis: Biological Systems Mon, 23 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Insect Herbivores of Ferns along the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America <p>Fifteen species of insect herbivores were discovered on ferns growing along the Pacific northwest coast of North America. These included insects from the orders: Diptera in the families Anthomyiidae, Cecidiomyiidae and Syrphidae: Lepidoptera in the families Erebidae, Tortricidae and Noctuidae: Hymenoptera in the family Tenthredinidae: Hemiptera in the family Aphididae and Coleoptera in the family Curculionidae.&nbsp; The present study illustrates these associations that provides new world and North American host records of fern herbivores. The fossil record of these families is used to determine if the most ancient of these insects (dating from the Mesozoic) are now mostly restricted to ferns and the most recent ones (dating from the Cenozoic) are mostly polyphagous, feeding on ferns as well as various angiosperms. &nbsp;Results indicate that the insect clades belonging to the most ancient families, such as <em>Aneugmenus</em>s and <em>Strongylogaster</em> in the Tenthredinidae and <em>Dasineura </em>and <em>Mycodiplosis</em> in the Cecidiomyiidae, appear to be monophagous on ferns.</p> George Poinar, Jr. Copyright (c) 2021 Biosis: Biological Systems Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 A New Species of the Genus Amberophytum Yu, Slipinski et Pang, 2019 (Coleoptera: Cerophytidae) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese Amber <p>In this article, a new species of the genus <em>Amberophytum</em> Yu, Slipinski et Pang, 2019 of the family Cerophytidae from mid- Cretaceous Burmese amber is described and illustrated. The new species, <em>A. maculatum</em> s.n. differs from <em>A. birmanicum</em> Yu, Slipinski et Pang, 2019 in the smaller body size, shorter metatarsomere 1, and more convex body. A key to the species of the genus <em>Amberophytum</em> is presented.</p> George O. Poinar, Jr., Fernando E. Vega, Andrei A. Legalov Copyright (c) 2021 Biosis: Biological Systems Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 A Monocot Flower, Mirafloris burmitis gen. et sp. nov. (Monocots: Angiospermae), in Burmese Amber <p>A six-merous, slightly bisymmetric monocot flower in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber is described as <em>Mirafloris burmitis</em> gen. et sp. nov. The perianth is composed of two whorls of 3+3 distinctly vascularized tepals connected by an irregular network of veinlets.&nbsp; There are two whorls of 3+3 free stamens with latrorse dehiscence positioned opposite the tepals. A single 3-lobed style arises from the center of the flower. Perigonal nectaries are located at the base of the inner tepals. The oval-spherical pollen possess a single, longitudinal suture.&nbsp; The fossil shows affinities to the order Liliales and family Liliaceae. This is the first showy monocot flower described from Burmese amber and based on recent phylogenetic studies, may be one of the earliest records of a fossil member of the Liliales.</p> George O. Poinar, Jr. Copyright (c) 2021 Biosis: Biological Systems Wed, 25 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Captain Vivian Hewitt and the fate of his collection of birds’ eggs and specimens <p>Vivian Hewitt was a little-known collector of natural history specimens (mainly birds and their eggs) during the early and middle years of the twentieth century. Although an obscure figure his influence on the museum world of his time – and later – was considerable and his collection of Great Auk material became almost legendary. Some of his story and that of his collection is a matter of published record but many elements remain obscure. In this study, we present previously unpublished details of Hewitt’s extraordinary life.</p> David Clugston, Errol Fuller Copyright (c) 2021 Biosis: Biological Systems Wed, 06 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0800 Call for emergency action to limit global temperature increases, restore biodiversity, and protect health Lukoye Atwoli, Abdullah Baqui, Thomas Benfield, Raffaella Bosurgi, Fiona Godlee, Stephen Hancocks, Richard Horton, Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Ian Norman, Kirsten Patrick, Nigel Praities, Marcel GM Olde Rikkert, Eric Rubin, Peush Sahni, Richard Smith, Nick Talley, Sue Turale, Damián Vázquez Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 06 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0800